Climate of Kyrgyzstan


In Kyrgyzstan, a continental climate. The western and northern slopes receive more precipitation. Rainfall increases with altitude up to 5000 m at higher altitudes the precipitation falls as snow, and even in summer frosts are possible. Average annual precipitation on the northern slopes of ca. 750 mm in the south-western slopes of the Fergana Range - 950 mm, and the north-east - 230 mm. Maximum rainfall in early summer and autumn-winter period. And in the middle of winter snow cover on the western slopes of the mountains can reach up to 1 meter, and in the high snow all year round.

In view of the rugged terrain on the territory of Kyrgyzstan is quite heterogeneous climatic conditions - in the high mountains of the Tien Shan weather has all the features of sub-polar climate in the south-western regions (Ferghana Valley) - sub-tropical, and in the northern foothills of the climate is almost temperate. A characteristic feature is the dry air over the entire territory of the country, making this an average 247 sunny days a year.

The average January temperature ranges from -1 C to -8 C in the valleys, and up to -18-27 C in the highlands. The coldest month - January, when a Siberian region, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come cold air masses, whose influence is aggravated by katabatic winds from the surrounding mountains. In the summer (July) in the valleys of the 15 C to 27 C, in the foothills of +10 C to +24 C and at high altitudes up to +5 -11 C. Moreover, unlike in the winter, hot air masses from the north-western and western regions of Central Asia hardly penetrate into the intermountain basins of Kyrgyzstan. However, the southern slopes of the heat quite strongly.
The temperature on the coast of Issyk-Kul, and less contrasting tempered year-round (about 2 C in the winter, in summer - +18-22 C).