History of Kyrgyzstan
The territory of modern Kyrgyzstan has been conquered in different times, lots of troops as those of Djingis Khan, crossed the region.
The first people have been living here about thousands years ago - the up to 5000-year-old stone inscriptions and the 3000-year-old town of Osh prove this fact. The nomadic people of the Kyrgyz first came here about 2000 years ago and they are one of the oldest of Central Asia. They went south, coming from the Siberian region Yenisey and formed the Kyrgyz Khanate at the beginning of the first millennium.
In the 6th century some Turkic tribes gathered into the Karakhanid Khanate. One of the most important and prospered cities was the town of Balasagun. And today one still can visit the Burana-tower - part of fortress in the centre of the ancient city only 1 hour drive from Bishkek.
Later, in the 13th century, the strong empire of Karahans was defeated by Djingis Khan, who then established the Mongol Khanate. After the death of the powerful emperor Mongke the Khanate was split up into many small ones, and the territory of Kyrgyzstan became part of the Chagatai Khanate.
Later, this region was transformed into the Kokand Khanate, dominated by Uzbeks. But after a flourishing in the years 1873 - 1874 the region became part of the Russian Empire. And later since 1936 it becomes one of the Soviet republics of the Soviet Union.
In 1991, the country became independent and since then is known as the Republic of Kyrgyzstan.