Geography in Kyrgyzstan

Issyk-Ata is SPA. It is at the altitude of 1200-1800 m. a. s. l. Issyk (Turkic)means  saint; Ata means father. According to the legend, in 11-12 century here lived a respectable healer who cured people with water. After his death the hot springs appeared which continue to cure a lot of illnesses up till now. There is a golden stone with the inscription of Issyk-Ata in the territory of SPA, where one can come and to make a wish to cure one's illness, looking at this stone. The water in these hot springs include alkali and other minerals. The water is salty and hot (about 50 degrees C). It warms by friction when it goes throw the underground tunnels.  There are two open pool, where one can swim even in winter, but not for a long time, because the altitude is high plus the water is hot. It can influence the blood pressure and cause dizziness. Also there is a beautiful waterfall on the territory of SPA.

The Terskey range is situated in the Southern shores of the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan - Issyk-Kul. They are called Shady Mountains, because of being in the shadow almost all the time.  It is 453 km long and 40 km wide. The highest peak of this range is Karakol (5280 m).

The Kungey Range (the Sunny Mountains) is in the Northern shores of the lake Issyk-Kul. It is 285 km long and 32 km wide. The highest peak of this range is Choke Tal (4771m). The relief of the mountains varies extensively from Massif to Alpine and many different types of landscape can be found. Woods tend to be located on North facing slopes, where snow lies longer and the grassland meadows (jailoo) are located on southern facing slopes which benefit greater from the warming effects of the sun's rays. 



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